• Can we Lose the Image of God? with Dr. Carmen Imes


    Dr. Carmen Imes, Associate Professor of Old Testament at Biola University, discusses the concept of the image of God in her interview with Justin on the Reorthodox Theology podcast. She explains that the image of God is not tied to a specific human capacity, but rather to our physicality as human beings. Dr. Imes argues that every human, regardless of disability or other differences, is the image of God. She challenges the common belief that the image of God was lost or diminished after the fall, pointing to biblical evidence that affirms the continued presence of the image of God in humanity. Dr. Imes also emphasizes the importance of recognizing the image of God in others and treating every person with dignity and respect.

    Key Takeaways:

    - The image of God is not tied to a specific human capacity, but to our physicality as human beings.

    - Every human, regardless of disability or other differences, is the image of God.

    - The image of God was not lost or diminished after the fall, but our relationship with God was disrupted.

    - Recognizing the image of God in others is essential for treating every person with dignity and respect.


    - "It's more physical than what we've assumed, and it's therefore more limited in some ways than what we've assumed." - Dr. Carmen Imes

    - "Every human being, regardless of disability, is the image of God." - Dr. Carmen Imes

    - "Jesus is the image of God not because he's divine, but because he's human, and every human being is the image of God." - Dr. Carmen Imes

    44m | Aug 14, 2023
  • Tertullian's Christology and the Shaping of the Western Church with Dr. David Wilhite

    Join us for a thought-provoking episode as we dive into the fascinating world of Tertullian's view of Christology and its profound influence on the development of the Western Church. Our guest for this enlightening conversation is Dr. David Wilhite, a distinguished Professor of Christian Theology with a deep expertise in the subject matter.

    Dr. Wilhite, having obtained his PhD from The University of St. Andrews, brings a wealth of knowledge and insight into the life and works of Tertullian, a renowned early Christian theologian. Together, we explore Tertullian's unique perspective on the nature of Christ and how it contributed to shaping the theological landscape of the Western Church.

    Throughout this episode, we unravel the complexities of Tertullian's Christology, examining his theological concepts such as the divine nature of Christ, the Incarnation, and the relationship between God and humanity. We delve into Tertullian's influential writings, including his treatises on Christ's two natures, and how these ideas resonated with early Christians.

    36m | Jul 17, 2023
  • Reaching the Culture with Christ

    Rudolf K. Gaisie is a Research Fellow at the Akrofi-Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture at Akropong-Akuapem, Ghana, and serves as Director of the Institute’s Centre for Early African Christianity (CEAC).

    He is brilliant!

    54m | Jul 10, 2023
  • Jesus among Demons

    Join us on (Re)Orthodox Theology as we dive into the revolutionary insights of Dr. John Goodrich, a distinguished scholar from the Moody Bible Institute. In this episode, we explore Dr. Goodrich's essay, "Paul’s Suprahumanizing Exegesis: Rewriting the Defeat of God’s Enemies in 1 Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians," published in Brill's acclaimed volume, Demons in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022).

    Delve into the depths of Pauline theology as Dr. Goodrich guides us through the cosmic dimensions of Paul's writings, shedding light on how he reimagines the defeat of God's enemies through Jesus Christ. Discover the transformative implications of Paul's suprahumanizing exegesis on our understanding of Jesus' identity and mission.

    Whether you're a theologian or simply curious about early Christian thought, this episode will provide fresh perspectives on Jesus' unparalleled victory over evil. Tune in to (Re)Orthodox Theology for a captivating conversation with Dr. John Goodrich that will leave you inspired and eager to explore the rich tapestry of Pauline thought.

    36m | Jul 3, 2023
  • Following Jesus in Ancient Egypt

    Today, I talked to Dr. Janet Timbie, a Professor at the Catholic University of America. She is an expert on all things ancient Egypt and Christianity. We talk about an ancient monk, Shenoute, and his Christology!

    42m | May 22, 2023
  • Divino Compañero- Spirit-Christology with Dr. Sammy Alfaro

    This week I talk to Dr. Sammy Alfaro about his amazing book, Divino Compañero: Toward a Hispanic Pentecostal Christology (Princeton Theological Monograph Series Book 147) 

    34m | May 15, 2023
  • Jesus and our Racial Divide: Dr. Derwin Gray

    Dr. Derwin Gray joins the show to discuss his book "How to Heal Our Racial Divide" and emphasizes the importance of understanding the theological implications of racism and prejudice. In this conversation, Dr. Gray shares his personal story of transformation, the inspiration behind his book, and the need to embody a holistic gospel that produces justice, evangelism, and discipleship. The discussion delves into issues of racism, prejudice, justice, and evangelism, with a focus on the importance of understanding Jesus' person and work in promoting reconciliation. The show also highlights the multiethnic ministry's role in manifesting God's glory and promoting reconciliation, justice, and discipleship.

    40m | May 8, 2023
  • From Antioch to Today: Understanding Ignatius of Antioch's Christology and Legacy: Gregory Vall

    The (Re)Orhodox Theology podcast recently featured Dr. Gregory Vall, a professor of Sacred Scripture at Notre Dame Seminary of New Orleans, to discuss the significance of Ignatius of Antioch and his Christology. Ignatius, a church father who lived around 113 AD, was a member of the church at Antioch, which was significant in the early days of Christianity due to its mixed community of Jewish and Gentile Christians. He was the first person to use the term Christianity and spoke clearly about the relationship between Christianity and Judaism. Ignatius referred to himself as an Episcoposs and was the first to use the term Catholic Church.

    Dr. Vall discussed Ignatius' role in the early Christian community at Antioch and his teachings on the structure of the local church. Ignatius studied the New Testament writings, including Matthew's gospel, John's thoughts, and Paul's letters, and synthesized them into a constructive theology that foreshadows the work of later church fathers.

    The conversation then focused on Ignatius of Antioch's Christology. Ignatius emphasized the unique father-son relationship between Jesus and God, recognizing Jesus as divine. He referred to Jesus as the Son of God or the Son of the Father, establishing a unique sonship that differs from the adoption of sons and daughters of God that St. Paul speaks of. Ignatius never suggests that Jesus becomes the Son by being sent into the world, indicating that the Father-Son relationship is always present. Ignatius has a high Christology, referring to Jesus as God in Ephesians and Romans, but also emphasizes the father-son relationship, establishing strict equality and oneness between them.

    The conversation also touched on the concept of high Christology, which recognizes Jesus as divine, and low Christology, which focuses on his humanity. However, in Ignatius and the New Testament, Christology is high and low because Jesus is God and man.

    Dr. Vall then discussed Ignatius' rejection of docetism and his belief in Christ's true humanity through his conception of the Virgin Mary. Ignatius sees Mary as significant in His Christology because she is the one through whom and from whom he receives his humanity. The Passion and Resurrection are important moments in Christ's life, where his humanity is transformed.

    The conversation explored how Ignatius reconciled the Old Testament passages that arguably could be referring to Christ manifested like the divine being wrestling Jacob or a divine being coming and visiting Abraham with two other angels. Ignatius also discussed Mary's role in Christology, referring to her as one of the figures in these statements that grounds the faith in historical reality and has a particular role vis-a-vis the Holy Spirit.

    Dr. Vall explained that God is eternally happy and perfect in himself and creates out of generosity and love. Despite not needing to create the world or us, God wants to share his happiness with his creatures. The distinction between God in his inner life and God's action in the world, known as the economy of God, is important to understand in order to fully grasp Ignatius' Christology and the New Testament. Ultimately, God's action in creating and redeeming the world is part of his plan or economy, but he himself is eternal, unchangeable, and Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

    The conversation ended with the importance of reading Ignatius' work and interpreting Scripture faithfully. Ignatius' writings helped the speaker understand how Scripture and the church fathers went together. Dr. Vall pointed out that Ignatius' work provides insight into the church's reception of the New Testament and interpretation of scripture throughout history.


    [0:00:07] Exploring the Christology of Ignatius of Antioch with Dr. Gregory Vall: A Discussion on the Significance of Early Christian Theology and Church Structure

    [0:06:30] A Discussion on the Significance of Ignatius of Antioch in Early Christianity and His Influence on Theology

    [0:08:47] Exploring Ignatius of Antioch's Understanding of the Father-Son Relationship in His Christology

    [0:12:28] Exploring Ignatius' High Christology and the Revelation of God through Jesus

    [0:15:12] A Discussion on Ignatius' Christology and His Rejection of Docetism

    [0:17:50] A Discussion on Ignatius of Antioch's Christology and the Role of Mary

    [0:21:07] A Discussion on the Presence of Christ in the Old Testament and Mary's Role in Christology with a Theologian

    [0:26:10] A Discussion on Ignatius of Antioch's Christology and the Role of Mary in the Faith

    [0:28:52] A Discussion on Ignatius and the Distinction between God's Inner Life and Action in the World

    [0:35:53] A Discussion on God's Creation and the Importance of Reading the Work of Ignatius Today

    [0:38:04] Interview with a Scholar on the Importance of Ignatius of Antioch in Early Christianity

    His Book: Learning Christ

    40m | May 1, 2023
  • Womanist Christology and the Role of Black Women in Christianity: Dr. Eboni Marshall Turman

    In this episode, Dr. Turman discusses her brilliant research on the intersection of race, faith, and gender and how she challenges sexism in the Black church.

    As a pioneering womanist theologian, Dr. Turman's work aims to empower marginalized communities and address issues of violence against Black women in Christianity. She has received numerous awards for her contributions to the field of theology and has been featured in various documentaries and publications.

    During the conversation, Justin and Dr. Turman delve into topics such as womanist Christology and the role of Black women in Christianity. They also discuss ways to address the issue of violence against Black women in religious spaces.

    Listeners are encouraged to support Young and Sanctified by continuing to listen, sharing episodes with friends, leaving reviews, and providing feedback through Justin's email address found in the show notes.


    38m | Apr 24, 2023
  • Where is Jesus in the Old Testament Violence? with Dr. Matthew Lynch

    On today's episode, we have Dr. Matthew Lynch, a professor, author, and podcaster, who shares his insights on the Old Testament and how his studies in Israel captured his imagination and deepened his understanding of its context.

    In this conversation, Dr. Lynch challenges the notion that the Old Testament is simply a source of spiritual edification and life lessons and instead highlights its complexity, tension, mystery, and wonder. Specifically, the conversation centers around the concern with violence in the Old Testament and how it is portrayed in texts such as Genesis three, four, and Six, as well as the flood story.

    Dr. Lynch rejects reductive and simplistic readings of the text and instead proposes a non-reductive engagement with the problem of violence, acknowledging the exciting and fascinating world of the Old Testament. He warns against bifurcating Jesus and the Old Testament God and proposes a Christotelic approach that reads the Old Testament in light of Jesus' life and teachings.

    The conversation explores the role of divine action in the Flood story of Genesis and how it represents a controlled cosmic meltdown that allowed God to restore creation to its original state before remaking it. Although there are still questions about violence in the story, Dr. Lynch argues that it is essential to consider how the story wants us to think about God's action and the antagonist.

    Dr. Matthew Lynch is a professor of theology and philosophy at Regent University and hosts the podcast, On Script. He is also the author of several books, including Flood and Fury: Old Testament Violence and the Shalom of God, which proposes a non-reductive engagement with the problem of violence in the Old Testament.

    42m | Apr 17, 2023
  • Christology in a Pluralistic World with Dr. Veli Matti Kärkkäinen

    In this Episode, we explore the topic of Christology in a pluralistic world with Professor Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen from Fuller Theological Seminary. As we live in an increasingly diverse and globalized world, it's essential to consider finding common ground with those with different beliefs without compromising our orthodoxy. Professor Kärkkäinen shares his perspective on accepting other cultures while remaining true to our faith, emphasizing the importance of engaging with diverse voices worldwide. We also delve into what it means for our world to be pluralistic and how we can navigate this reality as Christians. This conversation is aimed at Gen Z viewers and pastors interested in understanding how to engage with other cultures and perspectives in a pluralistic world.

    53m | Apr 10, 2023
  • The Politics of Christology with Patrick Miller

    In this podcast episode, Patrick Miller, a pastor at The Crossing, and Justin discuss the challenges of navigating politics in a divided society, finding common ground, and engaging in dialogue to understand one another. They also talk about the discomfort Miller feels when referred to as a pastor and speculate that this may be a result of their Midwestern roots. They highlight the need for discipleship in politics among Christians, and Miller's work with Truth Over Tribe, a podcast and book aimed at helping Christians become apprentices of Jesus in their politic.

    Guest Bio:

    Patrick Miller is a pastor at The Crossing, a church in Missouri. He is the co-author of Truth Over Tribe: Pledging Allegiance to the Lamb, Not the Donkey or the Elephant and has been featured in various media outlets for his work on faith and politics. Miller is also a podcast co-host, and his show explores how Christians can engage with politics in a way informed by their faith. His show is Truth Over Tribe!

    50m | Apr 3, 2023
  • The Imitation of Christ: Exploring the Works of Herman Bavinck and John Howard Yoder with Dr. Jessica Joustra

    In this episode of the Young and Sanctified podcast, host Justin interviews Dr. Jessica Joustra, an assistant professor of Religion and Theology at Redeemer University. Dr. Joustra shares her research on the imitation of Christ and the works of Herman Bobbing and John Howard Yoder. The conversation provides valuable insights into how different Christian traditions have explored the question of imitation and the relevance of this topic for Christians today.

    Guest Introduction:

    Dr. Jessica Joustra is a professional writer and the Albert M. Walter Center for Christian Scholarship director. She holds a Ph.D. in Christian Ethics from Fuller Theological Seminary and the Free University. Dr. Joustra teaches systematic theology and ethics at a Christian university in Ancaster, Ontario. Her research focuses on how Christian scholarship can contribute to answering the pressing questions of our time.

    45m | Mar 27, 2023
  • Understanding The Evangelical Jesus: Tradition, Innovation, and the Search for Theological Depth

    In this episode, Dr. John Stackhouse delves into the history and core beliefs of Evangelicalism, highlighting its emergence in the 18th century from Puritanism and Pietism. He clarifies that Evangelicals take the Bible seriously, are Trinitarian Christians, and recognize each other as kin, working together to spread the message of Jesus Christ. The conversation also explores the criticism that Evangelicals have received for being loudmouthed and activist, and how this has affected their approach to theological innovation.

    Dr. Stackhouse emphasizes the importance of theology for Evangelicals and suggests that innovation has been difficult due to a defensiveness that has developed over the years. However, he argues that Evangelicals have rich theological resources to draw from, including their understanding of Jesus' work, the Holy Spirit, and the Bible as the voice of God. He highlights the need for the Church to remain intellectually and theologically sharp while still caring for the poor, citing examples of Latin American evangelicals who have successfully done this.

    Throughout the conversation, he raises important questions about the role of Evangelicalism in today's world and the challenges it faces in maintaining its theological depth while being innovative and responsive to the needs of society. This episode will be of interest to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the Evangelical tradition and its place in contemporary Christianity.

    39m | Mar 20, 2023
  • Exploring Wesleyan Theology and Asbury Revival with Dr. Kenneth J. Collins

    In this episode, Dr. Kenneth J. Collins, a leading scholar in historical theology and Wesley Studies, shares his expertise in Wesleyan theology and his forthcoming book. Dr. Collins also talks about the Asbury University Revival, highlighting the emphasis on holiness, a distinguishing factor of the Wesleyan tradition. The conversation covers John Wesley's biography, unique approach to interreligious dialogue, theology and approach to ministry, understanding of the gospel and the work of the Holy Spirit, and theology of justice, advocacy, and caring for the vulnerable. The episode also explores early American Methodism and slavery and the similarities between John Calvin's and John Wesley's understanding of original sin. Dr. Collins discusses the intentional approach to discipleship in the Wesleyan tradition and how it compares to other forms of evangelism. This podcast aims to provide expert insights that will deepen our understanding of faith and the world around us and help people explore the big questions and ideas that matter most.

    45m | Mar 13, 2023
  • Understanding the Complexity of Jesus' Identity through Parables with Dr. David Parris

    In this episode, Justin is joined by Dr. David Parris to discuss the complexity of Jesus' identity and the various interpretations of his teachings. Dr. Parris sheds light on his journey into studying parables, as well as his 15-year experience in cognitive linguistics. They also talk about the safe and dangerous nature of parables, their application in everyday life, and their ability to challenge people's thinking.

    Guest Information:

    Dr. David Parris is a professor at Fuller Theological Seminary and has studied parables for over 30 years. He holds a ThM degree from Fuller Seminary and a Ph.D. in philosophical hermeneutics from the University of Nottingham. Dr. Parris has also been studying cognitive linguistics for around 15 years and has applied this field of study to the interpretation of parables. See his Youtube HERE

    Episode Highlights:

    • Dr. Parris explains how he got into studying parables, starting with his seminary thesis on the history of the interpretation of the Great Commission.
    • Parables are small stories that challenge and provoke thought.
    • Cognitive linguistics is an interdisciplinary field that has been applied to the study of parables since 2005-2006.
    • Understanding language and expressing it is the same as any other function of the brain, and cognitive linguistics helps bridge the gap between the language of 2000 years ago and today.
    • Parables are both safe and dangerous as they can challenge people to think about how to apply the parables to their own lives.
    50m | Mar 6, 2023
  • Decolonizing Christology: Understanding the Early Church and its Global Impact with Vince Bantu

    In this podcast episode, Dr. Vince Bantu delves into the history of Christianity and its impact on global cultures. He discusses the problem of Christianity being constantly associated with Western or white culture and how this has affected evangelism and the perception of Christianity in non-Western parts of the world. He also explores the impact of imperial councils, like the Council of Nicaea, on shaping what we understand as orthodox Christianity and how this has led to the marginalization of other expressions of the faith. Additionally, he examines the work of early Christian theologians like Ephraim the Syrian and how their unique cultural perspectives have contributed to a deeper understanding of faith.

    Key Takeaways:

    • Christianity is often associated with Western or white culture, which has made it difficult for non-Western people to see it as relevant to them.
    • Imperial councils, like the Council of Nicaea, have played a significant role in shaping what we understand as orthodox Christianity.
    • The work of early Christian theologians like Ephraim the Syrian, who wrote in the Syrian language and contextualized their faith according to their culture, has contributed to a deeper understanding of theology.
    • The perception of Christianity as a Western religion is the single greatest obstacle to the Gospel in the world.

    Keywords: theology, bible, faith, Christian, early church, global impact, Christianity, Western culture, evangelism, imperial councils, orthodox Christianity, Ephraim the Syrian, Syrian language, culture, theology.

    His book: A Multitude of All Peoples: Engaging Ancient Christianity's Global Identity

    Academic Profile: Vince Bantu

    Full Transcript: Here

    42m | Feb 27, 2023
  • Hebrews, Jesus' Maleness, and Women: Amy Peeler

    In this podcast episode, Dr. Amy Peeler and Justin discuss the book of Hebrews and its significance for the early church. They highlight the paradoxes in the book that demonstrate the holiness and grace of God, as well as the unique way Hebrews cites the Old Testament as God's speech. The conversation explores the warnings and admonitions in the book and how it has been a valuable resource for many theological questions. The author of Hebrews draws on traditional Jewish wisdom and personalizes it to describe Jesus as the Son of God. Jesus' priesthood is highlighted, mentioning his purification for sins and his status as a sympathetic and merciful high priest. The conversation discusses the concept of Jesus' priesthood, which is superior to the Levitical priesthood.


    • The pervasive theme of God as a Father and Jesus as a Son in the book of Hebrews and how it inspires trust in God.
    • The distinction between the way Paul cites scripture and the way Hebrews does, and the importance of both.
    • The story of Melchizedek and how it illustrates how Jesus is both king and priest, which was not commonly accepted in Israel.
    • Jesus' priesthood as a fresh concept for the audience, and how he stands in the gap and is able to represent humanity fully, breaking the divide between God and humanity caused by sin.


    You Are My Son: The Family of God in the Epistle to the Hebrews

    Women and the Gender of God

    44m | Feb 20, 2023
  • Exploring the Divinity of Jesus: A Theological Discussion with David Capes

    In this episode, we delve into the topic of the divinity of Jesus and explore the historical and theological perspectives on this critical aspect of the Christian faith. We discuss the role of Jesus as a redeemer, the significance of his humanity, and the impact of his divinity on our understanding of God and our faith. Our guest is a renowned theologian and expert in the field who shares his insights and research on the development of high Christology in the early years of Christianity.

    Key Takeaways:

    • The earliest followers of Jesus began to think of him in divine terms within three to five years of knowing him.
    • Jesus is an ideal of humanity and the embodiment of God's love.
    • The incarnation of God in Jesus is essential for our understanding of God's love and redemption.
    • The cross is a crucial moment demonstrating Jesus' unconditional love for humanity and his divinity.
    • Doubt is not the opposite of faith; it is a signpost along the way that God can use to guide us.

    Keywords: Theology, Bible, Faith, Christian, Jesus, Divinity, High Christology, Incarnation, Redemption, Love, Humanity, God, Scholarship, Heart.

    Guest: Dr. David Capes

    Book Referenced: The State of New Testament Studies: A Survey of Recent Research

    Additional Resources:

    Please email me: youngandsanctified@gmail.com

    46m | Feb 13, 2023
  • Lamb Christology: Rome and America through the Lens of Revelation

    Dr. Loren Johns joins Justin to discuss the fascinating connection between Rome and America and the thriving ideology of Christian nationalism. The conversation focuses on the central role of Lamb Christology in the book of Revelation and how it offers the center of our faith in Jesus.

    Show Notes:

    • Introduction to Dr. Loren Johns and his background in theology
    • The connection between Rome and America and the thriving ideology of Christian nationalism
    • A discussion on the book "To Follow the Lamb" by Ted Grimsrud
    • The importance of Lamb Christology in the book of Revelation
    • The central role of Lamb Christology in offering the center of our faith in Jesus
    • The difference between the traditional definition of Witness and a deeper understanding of the term

    Tweetable Moments:

    • "Lamb Christology is the center of the book of Revelation and offers the center of our faith in Jesus." - Dr. Loren Johns
    • "Lamb Christology is about being vulnerable yet victorious, just like Jesus." - Dr. Loren Johns
    • "The book of Revelation asks readers to consider Jesus specifically in the role of the Lamb." - Dr. Loren Johns

    Guest: Loren Johns, Retired New Testament Professor, See his CV here

    His Chapter: "Jesus in the Book of Revelation,” in Oxford Handbook on Revelation

    Additional: To Follow the Lamb: A Peaceable Reading of the Book of Revelation

    Tags: theology, Christian, Bible, faith

    40m | Feb 6, 2023
(Re)Orthodox Theology